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Severe health problems caused by alcohol during pregnancy
Women with a high level of education and a good income are increasingly prone to alcohol consumption during pregnancy, while women from poor social backgrounds tend to consistently avoid alcohol, the experts at the Federal Center for Health Education (BZgA) reported.
As a cell poison, alcohol attacks the organs and nervous system of unborn children when their mothers drink during pregnancy. The health consequences are serious. Around 10,000 children are born each year with corresponding alcohol damage - the so-called fetal alcohol syndrome or the fetal alcohol effect. As part of the day of the alcohol-impaired child last Friday, the Federal Center for Health Education informed about possible health impairments that can occur in pregnant women through the consumption of alcohol by pregnant women.
As part of the event, the head of the BZgA's addiction prevention department, Michaela Goecke, stated that "20 percent of women from the upper social classes occasionally consume alcohol during pregnancy", while only 8.5 percent of women with low levels of education and income of the Case. A surprising finding, as women from low-income and low-educated social groups have always been considered particularly vulnerable. The BZgA expert emphasized, however, that pregnant women "generally have more alcohol abstinence in the lower social class than in the upper class". Women with a high level of education and a good income, the occasional glass of wine or beer for dinner, can obviously resist much less than women from low-income and poorly educated social classes. An alarm signal for Michaela Goecke, because "even small amounts of alcohol can cause permanent damage to the unborn child."
Alcohol gets directly into the bloodstream of the unborn child The alcohol ingested goes directly into the bloodstream of the unborn child via the placenta, which means that it quickly reaches the same alcohol level as the mother, the BZgA experts explained during the day of the alcohol-impaired child. Because the organs of the unborn child are still developing, the children can hardly break down the alcohol and there is a risk of alcohol-related physical malformations as well as damage to the organs and the nervous system, warned the BZgA. For the children, alcohol consumption of the pregnant women often brings with them lifelong physical and mental impairments, which is why "pregnant women and nursing mothers should avoid alcohol", warned Michaela Goecke. For the expert, it is completely unacceptable that women with a high level of education, who should actually know which impairments are threatening their child, consume alcohol more frequently during pregnancy. The same tendency can also be observed in older pregnant women, explained the head of the addiction prevention department of the BZgA. Accordingly, the tendency to drink alcohol during pregnancy increases not only with the level of education, but also with age. Against better knowledge, up to 15 percent of pregnant women drink a glass of wine, beer or schnapps at least once a month and thus risk lifelong health problems in their child, warned the Federal Center for Health Education. (fp)
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